VIRGINIA COMMONWEALTH UNIVERSITY

NATIONAL RESOURCE CENTER
FOR TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY

Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology Division Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

Cognitive

QUESTION:

I sustained a brain injury approximately 3 years ago. I have regained many functions that were impaired after the injury; however, I continue to experience short-term memory problems. What can I do to improve my memory? Is it possible to fully recover this function?

ANSWER #1

One of the most frequently stated complaints from survivors of brain injury is reduced memory capacity. Statistics suggest that 70% of TBI survivors continue to experience memory problems 1 year post injury. Although the degree and nature of memory impairments varies in each situation, there are common patterns. Early in the recovery many, if not most, survivors suffer from post-traumatic amnesia after a period of unconsciousness. As recovery advances, the survivor will notice continued improvements in recalling events occurring prior to the injury. Short-term memory will generally be delayed in the recovery, with few individuals having suffered moderate or severe brain injuries ever realizing 100% recovery.

Memory rehabilitation programs have been developed around the country and are a part of many inpatient and outpatient cognitive rehabilitation programs. These programs focus on teaching compensatory skills, retraining attention ability, and retraining memory processing. The research has demonstrated that "memory notebooks or logbooks" are the most cost effective ways of enhancing recall. These books act as data banks for all important dates, personal information, and anything else you want to remember. For those with a few more dollars, Neuropager has been assisting many individuals with memory impairments. This is essentially an easy-to-use "programmable" pager system that alerts you of your schedule and other information that you have instructed it to recall for you. You also can attempt to use other memory "tricks" to enhance your recall (e.g., associate names with images). Also, the old standby of rehearsal or repetition still has its place. No one strategy works for everyone.

ANSWER #2

Memory is usually one of the first problems people experience after a head injury, and it is one of the last of the cognitive functions to return. However, there are a number of things you can do that will substantially improve your memory in a short amount of time. Many of these things are simple but they require changing your lifestyle which may seem difficult at first.

First, you must get enough sleep and change your diet so that you are avoiding stimulants and nicotine. Regular exercise also will improve your memory quickly. Putting yourself in a position where you are using your memory every day also will help. For example, taking non-credit courses at a community college will improve memory. Other forms of mental activity also may help like doing crossword puzzles, playing computer games, or reading books. Learning new ways to remember also can help. For example, learning how to form mental pictures of things you want to remember or using other memory tricks such as "mnemonics" can be useful. This usually requires some amount of training and you may have to substitute these new memory habits for some older, less efficient ones. This may take time and can be frustrating.

Probably the best way to train your memory is to use the TRRAP mnemonic. These letters will remind you of all the things you need to do to enhance your memory.

T ranslate into your own words. When learning something new, say it your way.
R ehearse (repeat at least five times) immediately.
R elate the new event to something you are familiar with.
A picture is worth a thousand words. Try to picture what you hear, see, or read.
P ractice output. Practice explaining, doing, or teaching the new thing to someone else.

Memorize the Memory TRRAP mnemonic and use it to remind yourself of the things that you need to do to remember effectively. Most importantly, however, practice doing these things until they become "second nature."

QUESTION:

Ever since my car accident, I have no recollection of the event itself. I can remember things that have occurred since then and things before. However, all efforts to recall some detail of the actual wreck and the hours following during which I was taken to the hospital have failed. Is this normal? Will memories of the accident appear later in life, or with counseling or hypnosis?

ANSWER

The memory system is very sensitive to trauma, and many survivors of traumatic brain injury suffer severe memory loss. In short, the memory loss you are experiencing is very normal and you will not recover these memories. Unlike memory loss due to emotional trauma, amnesia due to brain injury has not been shown to be treatable by counseling or hypnosis.

QUESTION:

My son has played football throughout high school; he is a senior and is likely to play for a college team. Within the past year he sustained a concussion. At the time of the injury he was dazed but not knocked out. I have heard that repeated concussions are dangerous, and I am worried about my son’s future health risks. Would a second concussion compound the effects of the first injury, or would a second injury be an entirely separate concern? Are concussions which appear to be as mild as this (no loss of consciousness) anything to worry about?

ANSWER

Any concussion, including head injury which results in no loss of consciousness (yet perhaps a change in consciousness or awareness) is of medical/neurological concern. A concussion typically implies a temporary injury to the brain. Such an injury makes the brain more vulnerable to a second injury, which can create more severe impairment and a potentially longer recovery period. An applicable analogy would be the athlete who suffers an ankle sprain which, although not a permanent injury, does impair some functions on a short-term basis. That same ankle is more vulnerable to a second injury while it is healing and a resultant longer recovery curve and possibly more chronic or permanent impairment if re-injured during recovery.

The greatest concern regarding repeated concussions is for what is termed "second impact syndrome." This refers to catastrophic injury resulting from a second concussion in close time proximity to the first. Although this is a rare occurrence and can result in permanent brain injury or death, there is recent neurophysiological data which suggest that the still developing brain (under age 21) is more vulnerable to such a second impact syndrome.

As in the ankle injury scenario, there are several key variables to determining when it is safe to return to contact sports (games or practices). These include the severity of the original injury, the completeness of recovery from the original injury, and the time between first and second injuries. Most professionals agree that any concussion, regardless of severity (even without loss of consciousness), should be completely healed (no neurological, cognitive, or psychological symptoms), before the athlete should be allowed to return to games or practices (see the Cantu and Colorado Severity and Return to Play Criteria). Although there are little scientific data on which to base return to play decisions, most team physicians and high school/college guidelines suggest that risk of catastrophic second impact injury is low if return to play follows complete recovery (no symptoms) from concussion.

If a player sustains three mild concussions in a season, regardless of the fact that he/she may have fully recovered between each of these concussions, there is some limited agreement by health care professionals that the athlete should terminate any contact sports for the rest of that season and should, perhaps, consider terminating involvement in such sports in the future (Quigley’s rule).

QUESTION:

After being seriously injured in car crash, I am unable to recollect several years of my life (the years prior to the accident). Sometimes bits and pieces of memory come back when a certain familiar odor or image stimulates my mind to recall an image from the past. However, there are extensive parts of my life that I cannot recall. Is this normal? Will I recover my memory or parts of it?

ANSWER

Recall or memory problems are a common sequela to head injury. The most common form of memory problems is short-term memory for events post-accident that interfere with executive function or the normal performance of administrative duties. Amnesia for events preceding the accident are less common and more serious in nature.

The first category (short-term memory difficulties following accident) are primarily the result of binocular/ocolo sensory motor decompensation (see FAQ’s on vision). Amnesia for events preceding injury typically relate to cerebral damage and may be identifiable by MRI as a focal lesion. This type of injury is more serious and has a poor prognosis for recovery when identified as a focal lesion. However, the brain has remarkable capability for adaptation. It is always necessary in neurological matters of the brain and information processing systems to think in terms of a hierarchical model. While each of our senses contributes to memory and provides its own specific stimulus to recall, visual input to the brain is by far the most powerful and highest leverage stimulus input to the brain .

In all aspects of intellectual and cognitive function, it is essential to first re-establish the highest possible efficiency in binocular information processing. The visual information processing of the brain is analogous to the DOS system for management of computer processing and file management. Thus, the establishment of clear, single, efficient, comfortable binocular vision provides a stimulus input of lowest stress, thus facilitating more efficient cerebral processing, relieving stress that can secondarily cause memory problems.

Recall, pre-injury memory loss (amnesia), does frequently improve spontaneously with time. All such neuro-processing defects are enhanced by rehabilitative therapies that minimize cerebral processing stress, re-establishing the highest degree of normal executive function.

22 comments (Add your own)

1. PSM wrote:
Hi,
My 75 year old father suffered a traumatic brain injury as a result of a fall (his heart briefly stopped when he was standing and he fell backward, striking his head on the marble floor with great force). As he was on Ecosprin (blood thinner due to a bypass couple of years ago), there was severe internal bleeding in the brain. He was in coma for 21 days but susequently regained consciousness. The doctors says there are contusions and severe damage to the frontal lobe. He has memory problems - short term, immediate as well as his past memory (he does not remember many years of his life both immediately prior to the incident and in the distant past). Also he does not have associations, he is unable to comprehend relationships, gets the names of family members mixed up etc. There is also a behavioural change (he used to read a lot before the incident, pray - he has no interest in these activities now).
Will there be improvements over time with respect to the following:
- Short term and immediate memory
- Past memory recall
- Behaviour change

Thanks.

Wed, October 15, 2014 @ 1:23 AM

2. lois wrote:
my brother had a tbi suffered lack of oxygen to brain. (From to much albuterol given to him)Year later still no short term memory. Can talk, read remembers pass but is in diapers and a wheelchair. I believe he could walk again but they have stopped PT I believe it is about money and they use the excuse reached his plateau. He is 52 . The trauma center will not allow us to take him out for a ride, visit etc. Is there any chance he will improve and it will be possible for his short term memory to return ? I pray everyday for a miracle if I could afford to take care of him I would get him away from that center asap

Tue, November 11, 2014 @ 8:32 AM

3. Brian M wrote:
I myself was in Hit & Run car accident, where my car was ran over by a truck, while on my eay home from work, late one night. I was in a coma for 6 months, and God thankfully, I had survived. One of my many problems, is that I am having trouble with recalling the paragraph that I had just read, so I am having to constantly re-read everything over and over, which makes it extremely hard for me to summarize the page or section that I have just read. So can you please give me a list of reading exercises or memory exercises thatcan help me out with this ??!!!

Mon, February 16, 2015 @ 2:53 PM

4. Craig m wrote:
My fiance was in an car accident and suffered severe head trauma which left her in a coma which she woke up from 11 yrs. ago and now suffers severe short term memory loss. Is there any inpatiant or outpatiant cognitive institutions in Fl?

Sat, February 21, 2015 @ 10:10 PM

5. M Morgan wrote:
A year ago, my father was in an accident that resulted in a severe brain injury to the left rear of his brain. To date, he cannot voluntarily move his right limbs although he can feel touch to those limbs and takes Lyrica because of nerve pain. Also, his voluntary vocabulary is limited to "yes" and "yeah." He is capable of saying words with us if we practice with him, but he does not seem able to spontaneously say a word. When you ask him his name, he says, "Yeah." When you ask him what his dog's name is, he says, "Yes." Do you believe hypnosis could help him regain use of his right limbs and/or speech?

Mon, February 23, 2015 @ 2:05 PM

6. Meghan wrote:
I was in a car wreak 3 years ago. I had brain damage and after a long time I was finally feeling better even tho my memory was a blur But here lately I have been literally living day by day. I remember some things but not a lot of things and it's getting harder an harder at school. I'm not passing any of my classes because I don't remember anything I've learned. I need some advice.

Thu, February 26, 2015 @ 2:17 AM

7. Joan Lindsey wrote:
My heart was stopping and I never knew it. I went shopping for a neighbor and reached down to pick up a can of green beans. All, I remember after that was i was laying on a cot looking at 3 EMTs.
I found out at the hospital that I needed a pacemaker. After that I have noticed that i have short term memory loss.
My incident happened on Oct. 8th 2014. I didn't notice it myself. But, my children did.
I never put myself or anything else in any danger or did anything out of my regular routine. I just don't remember things from yesterday.
Is it going to get better?
I guess I could be a whole lot worse.

Sat, March 7, 2015 @ 9:49 AM

8. Ronny Grudain Jr wrote:
Hi i was in a bad car crash 14 years ago with head trama coma after rehab i had short term memory loss. I couldn't even pass high school i felt out of place very stress full i keep to myself I now and still feel i have short term memory loss still to this day. Is this still possible??

Wed, July 22, 2015 @ 8:55 AM

9. Amy wrote:
My fiancé was involved in a dirtbike acciden 7 weeks ago. He had several injuries to the right side of his body. He suffered a skull fracture to his right temporal lobe- a mild tbi- and no damage was seen on the scans to indicate brain tissue was torn, etc. his memory was fine the first two weeks in the hospital. The second weekend he suffered memory loss of the past 5 years- no fully though. He remembered certain things but not other significant events. Is this normal? Will he regain those memories? We had finally reached a great place in our relationship having worked through some of our differences and now he doesn't remember any of that. It's like I have to start all over again and it's extremely sad and emotional. At times I wonder if he will ever be the man he was before the accident. Please offer any words of advice!

Sun, October 11, 2015 @ 4:42 PM

10. Jan Yarborough wrote:
My 24 year old son had a brain aneurysm in his sleep on April 23rd 2015. Since then he was at one hospital for a month where the doctors had to coil the aneurysm twice. They couldn't remove it because the aneurysm was as big as a large Easter egg and it is on his brain stem. They really did not think he was going to make it but he overcame all of the obsticals even his main Doctor saved he was a miracle. After he was out of the critical stage they were able to get him where he could travel to the Shepherd Center in Atlanta Ga. They finished getting him better , he had a shunt put in and they were able to help him get the treach tube out and was able to eat again after having a feeding tube in him for almost three months. He had problems with the left vocal chord being paralyzed for a while but after the ENT Doctor went in and opened up his airway and removed the scar tissue behind the vocal chords he was able to talk better too and then eventually the treach tube came out. He received extensive therapy for about a month and was discharged on August 28th 2015. We have been going to speech therapy three times a week for 45 minutes per session. My husband doesn't think he is improving at all and he thinks he has lost his son. Is there any other type of therapy that can help him get his memory back? I know it has only been five months since this happened but I just don't know what to do!

Tue, October 13, 2015 @ 8:32 PM

11. Matt Shirk wrote:
I also had trouble remembering something that was just said. I had my closed head injury back when I was 17 and it has never seemed to get much better. I have to study 3 or 4 times longer than the average person to learn something.

I forget details a lot, and have tremendous problems with organization.

Do you know of any resources for help?

Sun, November 15, 2015 @ 9:27 PM

12. Hamood wrote:
I had an a bike accident in 2011 December had a head injury memory loss problem still I'm facing this problem left study start work with father it's difficult for me to live like this i want to collect memories and work like other normal peoples i want you to suggest me some good way to survive in this case.... Try to contact me somehow through what's app please who knows about it ....

Fri, January 8, 2016 @ 10:28 PM

13. Jody Hoffman wrote:
I was in a car wreck almost 40 years ago, along with other injuries I hit the windsheid with my head. I was never in a coma i was in traction awhile with a neck injury. I needed to relearn to walk but my memory was fine except for details after the accident. I do have a dent.in the front top of my skull tho. I started having headaches a few years ago now the headaches are blinding Im also noticing memory loss and speech problems. I stutter and will stammer till i find the right word. I hsve to think on how to do something that i used to do automatically. Whats going on? Can this be helped or am i going to get worse

Tue, January 12, 2016 @ 8:16 AM

14. Diana wrote:
Comment to Jody Hoffman. Wow. I cannot tell you how I read your paragraph, and then immediately thought it was what I wrote. Head injuries are 'quite unique' and I've heard no two are identical.. However, my incident was also in 1973, although from CO Poisoning. I really don't want to be the one to tell you 'if you will recover completely' or not. One thing I do know, is doctors WILL say: 'No 2 brain injuries are identical.' I suffer quite similar problems that you describe. Today, for instance, I spent almost FIVE hours in a craft store, which prompted the employees to 'keep an eye on me.' (They are never sure if I am a 'criminal' or what why I am spending so long in the store.) When I finally took my 3 purchases to the counter, most every employee was watching, and they queried me as they each had commented, so I told the cashier, "I'm sorry. I have a TBI and I was just not in a hurry, so I took my time." I am always humiliated, because I guess it's fairly obvious there is something wrong.. My whole LIFE has been like that. It is still humiliating AND so frustrating/aggravating. In 1973, I was 26, a very happy, 'young chick' legal secretary who worked for a senior partner in a large firm in Boise, Id. (I loved my job SO much!) 1/16/73, I had made a terribly stupid choice or two, and felt I had to end my life, rather than admit how dumb I was. I was committing suicide via CO poisoning, when some police officers found my car because I was (unknowingly) parked a few miles in the foothills from a Police Storage Unit. I suffered severe CO poisoning, 1 month in the hospital, and then, my 4 year old daughter & I moved in with my parents. Well, I was an IDIOT. CO poisoning normally will kill you. But I failed to notice I had dual exhaust pipes. HERE is the worst part! I HAD a '68 Camaro! (2-door, red, with white bucket seats, a white canvas top, a 327 AT on the floor!) Yes, I guess my CAR and my JOB are what I miss MOST! in January, and after nearly a month in the hospital, I was physically fine, except for the permanent brain injury. Only 6 months earlier, I had been offered a transfer to Sun Valley, ID where we opened a branch office. (I turned it DOWN.) :( and the other reason I tried to 'end my life' was a WRONG man choice. I was SO angry and FURIOUS with myself, I just did not want to live. Even though my sweet little 4 year old daughter was waiting for me at day care, I knew my Mom would pick her up. I left work, and that's all I can say about it. It was a miracle they found me and even more a miracle, I am 'as good as I am'.

I did this because I had made a WRONG 'love-interest' choice, and was SO angry with myself, I wanted to NOT live. I was SO mad. Nevertheless, here I am, 43 years later, living on social security & 1 rental house income, divorced, and almost 70! :( good grief, Diana. You suck..

As I have typed for at least 10 minutes, now, I know I have many repetitions and maybe it is so jumbled you can't even read it. I apologize. I guess I'll send it anyway. I really WOULD like to make the movie (; and/or do suicide seminars throughout the U.S. I feel so guilty because I have lost more than 3 close friends to suicide.
and it makes me sick. Robin Williams especially, because I really LOVED everything about him. I just LOVED him. I bought a book (on the internet) that is a biography of him, which made me feel even more sadness.. and love for him. (I honestly wanted HIM to play my LOVE interest in the movie I planned to write and play myself!

Well, this is a LITTLE LENTGTHY, and I'm sure when I try to 'send' it will advise me I need a "license' to do so.

After 1/16/73, my daughter & I moved in with my parents, and later, to a home they owned and rented to us. Two years later, I married a very nice man, and we had another daughter, who will be 40 this November. (:

1973, this would not have happened IF they had gyms, yoga and transcendental meditation as are so popular now. I learned TM in 'early '76, and Tami was born that November. She is not only brilliant, (a BSU graduate 3.8) currently a legal secretary who teaches hot Yoga at night. Tina, my other daughter, is now 48, with a beautiful 11 year old daughter. Tina works as a Loan Closing Specialist in Sacramento. Tami, the 'baby' (who was born 2 years after my CO poisoning) is a graduate of Boise State University, (3.8) and teaches Hot Yoga at night. My life, however, is not all bad. I am healthy (physically) except for one titanium hip, and the 'UGLY brain injury'. Both the girls, age 39 and 47, deal with my disability sometimes better than I. My memory often 'has a mind of its own' and I believe very outrageous things that NEVER happened. I am SO very fortunate, however, that I have a few great friends and family members. I am SO ashamed, and angry still for what I did. Suicide is NOT the right answer.

I felt I would be giving seminars 'all over the country' on this, and how it totally changed my life... In fact, still today, I sometimes consider writing the 'seminar'. However, my real plan was to write my life story, have it made into a movie and play myself. But, the man I had chosen to play my 'wonderful best friend and lover' was Robin Williams. And I must daily try to forgive myself for NOT writing to him 5, 10 or even 15 years ago. I loved every single thing about him. When he made that 'choice' (as I had done in 1973) I fell into a horribly deep depression. I can't tell you how much I connected with Robin. Every single thing about him: I LOVED.

Now, I am preparing to think about getting a new dog, building a chicken-coupe/combination greenhouse, and planning a smaller garden. I do love my yard. But I miss Robin, and my 2 dogs and one cat, who have all passed. Harley Hooch and Sasha. How I miss them! :(

In addition to 'living on disability' and not working for the major part of my adult life, I still suffer from hallucinations, and 'wrong' memories. I remember exact details of the event, but only some memories are correct. Most, have some real events and other imagined ones. (There is no treatment nor cure for a brain injury, in spite of what you may read. It is nearly impossible for anyone to believe what I say. (well, DUH!) I try so HARD to pick my friends carefully, and try hard to keep my mouth shut. (WELL: For a Gemini, this is nearly impossible!) (References: Jerry Seinfeld, Bob Hope, and me...) I do try sometimes to focus on writing a script, or even a book, because my life has SOME hilarious (well most) events. and as I do have the Gemini (Bob Hope, Jerry Seinfeld) personalities, I even am able to laugh at myself. I DO wish I could find a way to write the book (or script) because I would love to think I could save someone's life. Before I even 'did' it, I had been writing 'letters to my Gram' which I always thought would 'be' my movie. 'Letters to my Gram'. (starring Robin Williams & Diana King.) p.s. IF anyone is still reading this, I whole-heartedly, sincerely, apologize! I warned you: I'm Gemini.

Mon, January 25, 2016 @ 11:06 PM

15. Leroy E Cook wrote:
My wife and I were hit head on by a trailer full of steel sliding sideways across the highway ten years ago. We saw it fishtail and I had time to think: "Will we make it by before it comes this way?" It hit us on the shoulder of the highway where I had headed with the brakes locked. We were both knocked unconscious by the airbags, which saved our lives.

I didn't realize I had a brain injury until over a month after the accident when I realized I hadn't started reading again. I have been self treating every since by reading and pushing myself in new challenges regularly. After several years I finally regained most, but not all of my ability to handle stress. I am in my 70s so I cannot say if my short term memory problems are TBI or age caused.

Ten years ago the doctors in the small hospital where we were taken never even thought about possible brain injuries. They also didn't find my wife's broken neck until the the second day when she yelled while being turned and it took a month before an MRI was done at another hospital for the doctors to find my split talus and admit it wasn't just a sprain.

We are glad to be alive every day and I am glad to have enough of my faculties again to be able try earning living at a new career selling real estate with Windermere. Our business which had been supporting us slowed and was finally sold following the accident while we were recovering.

My advice to anyone with TBI is, if you know you have a problem, accept it and realize the buck stops with you. Do whatever you can to rebuild your mind and faculties.

Fri, January 29, 2016 @ 8:11 PM

16. Heather wrote:
I survived a head on collision in 1995. Because I was conscious the er didn't suspect a tbi;even though I broke the steering wheel with my head. they were more worried about my other injuries. I was in college and had a boyfriend before the accident. After the accident my personality changed, my memory is like a spark plug that fires half of the time and I lost most of my emotions. Short term memory wasn't very good. lost my boyfriend because after the wreck I had ptsd and he didn't understand. We were very young and after I told him I couldn't go out after dark or be around alcohol or be in a movie theater; he got fed up and left me. I got hit head on by a drunk driver going 70mph and my car was going 30 mph on my way home from work at night. I tryed to attend college but could not retain any of the information. After 10 years of working dead end jobs my memory retention had sort of came back and I was able to attend college but only a couple classes at a time. I got a good job with an understanding boss for a while then our shop closed last year. So back to college I go, but its not going to be easy. I finally after 20yrs am able to feel other emotions aside from sadness anger and pain. My memory of how I felt about my boyfriend came back. (20yrs too late).I have never married or got into a serious relationship for very long because of my detachment of emotions.
Hopefully this is a sign of some rewiring happening and maybe I can graduate from college; possibly marry and have a "normal" life or as close as I can get. I know it will be a lot of work. I'm thankful to be alive; by all rights I shouldn't be. I hate what the brain injury has stolen from me. I still can not be around crowds, go into movie theaters and the smell of alcohol makes me sick.

Thu, May 26, 2016 @ 11:02 PM

17. Elika wrote:
Hi, I was wondering if you can tell me a little bit about a individual who has sustained a TBI and is high-functioning at level 7, how would their performance in activities of daily living be: feeding, grooming, bathing, upper body dressing, lower body dressing, toileting, transferring, money management, house keeping, meal prep, community mobility? Would their vision, hearing, perception, sensation, or motor coordination be affected?

Sat, May 28, 2016 @ 2:05 PM

18. Dawn Steiert wrote:
I suffered a severe TBI 15 years ago when I was sitting on top of the trunk of a car and the car pulled off as a joke. I do not recall the accident and have horrible memory problems. I can't even remember people.I don't know what to do...

Mon, September 12, 2016 @ 12:28 AM

19. Nishtha Mishra wrote:
Hi,My father met with a severe accident 5 months back.He got infarct in left part of the brain that's why his right portion got effected.No sensation was there in right part but due to constant physio he is gaining some power in right hand and as well as leg but still he is not able to move them.From the memory part,he was in a semi conscious state and now his conscious level got increased.But he is not recalling everything,it seems there is a short term memory loss currently.Whatever activities he does in morning don't remember it in evening and whenever he is fully awake he recalls something of past and get restless,he wants to go out of bed.My question is how much time more is required for his condition to get normal and memory issues getting normal.

Tue, November 1, 2016 @ 2:41 PM

20. surbhi jain wrote:
My father had a accident about a month and there is a head injury on d frontal lobe and right side is paralysed and he cant recalld his past memory and there is a phase of emotional anger anxiety.so my question is how much time is will take to recover the memory.

Mon, March 27, 2017 @ 2:39 PM

21. Annette wrote:
My husband had an accident in a roof space in 2011 where he had a drop saw cut into his knee, he could only get out head first in a man hole head first, he had the trauma of the knee injury and 10 months later suffered partial seizures severely he was recommended Lamintol & Keppra for the seizures, he has had short term memory since, he is off all medication due to seizures subsiding
We have been told the short term memory is not caused from the accident could this have occurred from the trauma

Mon, July 17, 2017 @ 10:55 PM

22. wrote:
I check out blogs like this one a lot. As
chronic sufferer of neck pain from a car collission I have a lot of free time.
LOL. However, I've never been compelled to publish a
remark, till now. Fantastic article. I enjoyed reading it.
I have actually bookmarked your site and shared a link to this post on my Facebook wall.


Thanks again for all you are doing!

Sun, August 6, 2017 @ 9:23 PM

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